The route

The route crosses five municipalities:

Leonforte – Nissoria – Calascibetta – Aidone – Piazza Armerina

One can not speak of the water mills without mentioning the sources: rivers, fountains and streams.

And in Leonforte, starting point of the route rich waters country, we visit the Fountain of the Nymphs, whit two statues depicting Crisa, the river god, which is dedicated a major river of the district, and Persephone, the goddess that will lead us along the way, with her mother Ceres, goddess of the wheat.

Next, the majestic Granfonte, that still quenches men and animals, crossing the Granfonte road, which communicates with the main road that will lead us into the valley of the mills.

Behind to Granfonte, the Palermo door which runs the namesake dirt road that leads to the first ruins of the Soprano mill, overlooking the valley below. Coming out of the same door, left the road leads into the valley where there are the remains of the
Piano mill and parts of pipelines. Behind the mythical rock Dimetri, dialect word for the Demeter’s rock.

From the SP 39, you come into the Noce (Walnut) district where stand Noce tower and the ducts of the Noce mill.

In order to route, and before visiting the ruins of thePirato mill, the SP39 cross the SS 121 and reach the nearby Nissoria, to visit the Ethnic and anthropological Museum of peasant culture, which exhibits ancient tools used for the grain cycle, from sowing, harvesting, grain milling to prepare the pasta: tools precursors of modern appliances. It is very interesting, from a historical perspective, since many tools, are not known to young.


Returning to the SS 121, direction Enna, you can immerse yourself in the Natural Reserve of Mount Altesina, falling in Ceres Rock Geoparks under the auspices of the European Network of Geoparks and UNESCO. Then meet the ruins of the mill Pirato, and later Nicoletti lake.

The mill, located a few meters from the road, remains part of the tower. A pleasant rustling warns of water: under the mill runs Crisa or Grisa river, in honor of the river god Crisa, that there it joins with the river Dittaino pouring, subsequently, in Nicoletti lake.


Towards Calascibetta, in the Valley of the Mills (Mancadarso land), stands the San Francesco mill, wrapped in a rich vegetation. Later, the remains of the San Nicola Mill.
As the areas are rich in archaeological sites that preserve testimonies very important and unique, visit the Byzantine village, also called the village in the rock, dating from the fifth century, in which you can see underground dwellings and the millstone, used initially for the production of wine and thereafter, for the production of other agricultural products.

Along the SS 290, the tourist signs lead you to the Necropolis of Realmese and to the archaeological park Cozzo S. Giuseppe about 3 miles NE of the country, which is accessed through directed pathway Calascibetta-Ganci.

The Necropolis is characterized by 288 burial caves, open in white limestone.
In downtown Calascibetta are the Caves of Carcere street, cave dwellings dating from the time of the copper, inserted behind the houses and streets of Norman period.

In Aidone you can visit the ruins of the mills: Scalisi, Mulinetto e Battia.
Along the way, about 10 km from Enna, the SS 561, you can visit, the special nature reserve of Pergusa Lake, the only natural lake in central Sicily, belonging to the geopark Rock of Ceres and Proserpine Park Set overlooking the lake, named to the goddess kidnapped in the lake by Pluto, preserves informative panels, very interesting from thescientific point of view.

Tracing the SS 117b, cross the green space of the Natural Reserve Rossomanno, Grottascura, Bellia, excellent for hiking, mountain biking and bird watching, in the convenient picnic area.

Educational tours are available at the reserve.

Along the SS 288, visit the nearby citadel of Morgantina, dating back to the Neolithic, Retained the famous statue of Venus and two”acroliti” (marble, stone and wood statues) depicting two goddesses seated next to each other, identified with Demeter and Persephone, dating back to 530 BC, the gods of the Greeks who conquered the country in 491 AC. supplanting the goddess Sikelia

For information visit

Sights include the remains of the medieval castle located a few kilometers from the historic center and the Archaeological Museum of Aidone, which houses many artifacts and the famous Venus of Morgantina.

In Piazza Armerina, about 10 km from Aidone, you can see the remains of the olive mill, and, on the lake of the olive, the remains of the elm mill, surrounded by lush vegetation.
In the area of the St. Andrea Grand Priory, within the country, you can visit the ruins of the Sant’Andrea mill, which insists on royal pathway. The office spaces are used for habitation and, behind, there is the sewage plant supported by round arches.
In the Canali neighborhood to visit the fountain of the same name, that includes the watering place and the public wash consists of 18 stone basins with a pavilion roof, supported by wooden trusses, dating from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. The source is fed from the Gela river.

Towards the center, you can admire the Chatedral. Later in Castello Place, the Aragonese Castle of the XIV sec., and the Commenda, Umberto I place, a very old building full of history, of the twelfth century, donated to the Knights of the Hospital of Jerusalem, around 1150 with the commitment to build a complex to house the pilgrims in the Holy Land and gathering place and rest for the Knights Crusaders.

Facing the Commenda can visit the impressive St. Stephen’s Church, built in the late ‘500 and early 600.
Also to see the St. John the Evangelist Church, which houses frescoes by Borremans.
The picturesque and ancient church of Teatini, built in 1142 and rebuilt in 1600, located in Largo San Giovanni.
In the Castellina neighborhood, you can visit the Castellina Tower and the city walls of the fourteenth century.
Finally, you must visit to the famous Villa del Casale, late Roman plant, built around the third or fourth century AC, a few kilometers from Piazza Armerina.