Towards Calascibetta, in the Valley of the Mills (Mancadarso land), stands the San Francesco mill, wrapped in a rich vegetation. Later, the remains of the San Nicola Mill.
As the areas are rich in archaeological sites that preserve testimonies very important and unique, visit the Byzantine village, also called the village in the rock, dating from the fifth century, in which you can see underground dwellings and the millstone, used initially for the production of wine and thereafter, for the production of other agricultural products.
Along the SS 290, the tourist signs lead you to the Necropolis of Realmese and to the archaeological park “Cozzo S. Giuseppe” about 3 miles NE of the country, which is accessed through directed pathway Calascibetta-Ganci.
The necropolis is characterized by 288 burial caves, open in white limestone. In downtown Calascibetta are the Caves of Carcere street, cave dwellings dating from the time of the copper, inserted behind the houses and streets of Norman period.
Il villaggio bizantino
also called the village in the rock, dating back to the sixth century AD Located in the state-owned forest in Contrada Canalotto, is a rock settlement of late Roman-Byzantine, as the Byzantines settled there in the year 535.
Great as a whole, winds through the forest paths state property in the district Canalotto. After a scenic route, you come across a real mill rock: the millstone.
Initially used for the production of wine and then, for the production of other agricultural products, is made from a subterranean burial, the fourth-fifth century. C, where they are clearly visible two collection tanks and niches with functions of shelves to place objects.
The pathway leads to the terrace overlooking the Morello valley takes its name from the river. The terrace overlooks the bulk of the rock settlement from which you can enjoy the view on the Lake Nicoletti.
Under the terrace, further downstream, a path allows you to observe a complex of structures used for civil, religious and funeral events; a village hidden in defense of the invaders, where the rural life was developing integrated farming, the transformation of handicraft products, thanks to the natural functional conformation, of site. Besides the millstones, there are traces of the existence of mills. Inside one of the environments found, in fact, the presence of regular cuts in the walls is due to the use of machinery rudimentary, fed by the water for processing of agricultural products or those derived from breeding.
The forest that houses the Byzantine village, allows you towalking and hiking trough paths surrounded by generous vegetation.
Along the SS 290, the tourist signs lead you to the Necropolis of Realmese. The archaeological park site to “Cozzo S. Giuseppe” about 3 miles NE of the country, which is accessed through directed pathway Calascibetta-Ganci.
The Necropoli Pantalicana is characterized by 288 burial caves, open in white limestone. The necropolis was used for a long period divided proto age (from the ninth to the seventh century BC) and in the archaic period (seventh and sixth centuries BC). A network of royal pathway that winds through the cemetery, you can admire the conformation of the graves from the outside and from the inside.
Caves via Carcere
The Caves of Carcere Street Jail are cave dwellings dating back to the copper age. Are inserted behind the houses of Norman construction in the historic center of Calascibetta.
The caves are a testimony of the first inhabitants who lived on Mount Xibet in countless caves scattered in the actual city, but the later buildings have largely covered.
The Medieval area Calascibetta, in fact, hiding part of cave dwellings, which, thanks to the morphological composition of Mount Xibet, it allowed countless accomplishments, for various uses and located in different levels.
This revives a magical atmosphere, which brings us back away for ever.
But to relive deeper atmosphere you need to cross the medieval streets that cross the country.
Calascibetta is a very attractive citadel, both for the architecture of the historic center Norman style, tand the archaeological finds of great value. It had the privileges that attributed the so-called right of “Apostolic legation” or “Monarchy Sicula”. According to this institution arose historically and based on a bull of Urban II, in 1098, the king of Sicily is believed linked born ether of the pontiff and demanded the whole island ecclesiastical matters was of their exclusive competence.
Under the title of royal monarchy, the apostolic legatia was included in 1508 by Giovan Luca Barberi in Capibrevi, collection of documents entrusted to him by Ferdinand the Catholic to verify and claim the rights of the Crown of Sicily. (Reference: Treccani.it, legatia apostolic Federiciana 2005 Salvatore Fodale)
The first archaeological finds date back to 1456, and the finds are disseminated in different sicilian museums. The human presence dating from the age of copper, although underground dwellings testify to the domination of the Byzantines, who settled there in the sixth century AC As throughout the island, Calascibetta was also the place of all the cultures that have occurred over the centuries. In the year 851, therefore, arises the Arab quarter, Mount Xibet.
The name Calascibetta derives, in fact, from the Arabic “Calat” fortress by nature, followed by the name of Mount Xibet. Arabs realized the construction of the water system Quanàt said, and several tanks to fall, carved into the rock, still visible and waterproof, which collected rainwater. This was sorted through quanàt in other smaller tanks, where it was possible to draw water from other smaller wells.
Con la cacciata degli arabi, si insediarono i normanni, che lasciarono impronte nell’attuale architettura urbana e monumentale, come la Torre Normanna, legata a Ruggero d’Altavilla.
With the expulsion of the Arabs, was settled by the Normans, who left imprints in the current urban architecture, as the Norman Tower, related to Roger of Altavilla. The typical urban Calascibetta consists in the twelve royal pathway which departed from the city and snaked outside radially, connecting it with the three seas of Sicily. Since they were a great means of communication and trade, the Normans restored the road. Inside the country you can see the Jewish quarter developed in the fourteenth century.
azienda agrituristica tra Calascibetta e Villarosa: Contrada San Cataldo, Villarosa (EN)
Tel. 0935 31247 – Cell. 339 5750278
B&B da Pietro
contrada Longobardi | Strada Statale SS 290 46/III
Cell: 340 276 5763
B&B Del Conte
Via Conte Ruggero, 21
Cell: 335 161 9268
Strutture di ristorazione
TRATTORIA LA BRACE
Ctr. Longobardi S.S. 290,Km 46
tel: 0935 34699,392 7920458
IL MULINO TRATTORIA PIZZERIA
Via Nazionale 304 – tel: 0935 34097
DANIELE SAVIA MARIA CLELIA- PIZZERIA
Via Roma, 78
tel: 0935 3348
• By car: Take the motorway A19 Palermo-Catania, and then exit at Enna, for Calascibetta / Leonforte / Enna and enters SS 117a, then SS121 and SS290 finally.
• In Plane- from Falcone Borsellino: take the A29 and follow signs for the A19 Palermo-Catania and then exit at Enna, for Calascibetta / Leonforte / Enna and enters SS 117a, and then SS121 finally SS290.
• By train: Take the train that follows the Palermo-Enna
• By car: Take the ring road A19 (signposted Tangenziale); Enna exit to SS 117 bis, follow directions for Calascibetta / Leonforte / Enna and enters SS 117a, then take SS121 finally SS290.
• In Plane- Fontanarossa airport: take a bus that connects the airport with Calascibetta.
• By train: Take the train that follows the route Catania-Enna and then get off at Enna, continue by bus SAIS
Festivals and fairs in Calascibetta
Feast of Our Lady of Good Rest
The celebration in honor of the Virgin Mary, evolves with the Berber’s Palio, Arab ancient event that develops with the races of the Palio, with horses led by experienced riders. Today, the two events are combined under the umbrella of the Christian religion, in honor of the Madonna.
Feast of St. Peter in Chains in Calascibetta
Feast of the Patron Saint San Pietro in Vincoli on the first Sunday and the following Monday in August, in Calascibetta. The festival takes place mainly in the central square of the country, is particularly lively because, for the occasion, are mostly migrants, taking advantage of the summer holidays, revise their loved ones, and attracts many people who come from all over Sicily. .
The festival lasts three days and is particularly felt by religious brotherhoods.
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