Through the SS 117 you get to Aidone. Along the way, about 10 km from Enna, the SS 561, you can visit:
- the special nature reserve of Lake Pergusa lake, the only natural lake in central Sicily, belonging to the Geopark of Ceres Rock. The nature reserve surrounding it preserves archaeological sites that testify to ancient settlements dating back to the Copper Age.
- The Park of Proserpine, located in front of the lake and named to the goddess kidnapped in the lake by Pluto, offers a picnic area for hiking and relaxing. Preserves informative panels, very interesting from the scientific point of view, made by the University Kore who also edited specific tables for cataloging the flora of the park.
The panels include:
“The Myth of the Proserpine’s Rape”
“The History of Pergusa”
“La Selva Pergusina”
“The Special Nature Reserve of Pergusa lake”
“The reserves managed by thePublic Forestry of Enna
“The Archaeological Area of Cozzo Matrice”
Continuing the journey to reach the first mill of Aidone, take the SS 117B, which runs through the green space of the Natural Reserve Rossomanno, Grottascura, Bellia. You are immersed in the rich vegetation of the reserve, in which there is the Ronza Park, an area comfortably equipped, among the largest of Sicily, can accommodate hundreds of visitors with benches, tables, seats, swings, cooking points, fountains, aviaries and fenced areas where you can see deer, porcupines, goats, wild boars. The park is wheelchair-accessible.
The reserve includes a nursery for the production of seedlings for reforestation, with a library specialized environment, also equipped with a herbarium. In addition, houses the headquarters of theWildlife Recovery Center.
The reserve is also called Archaeological Park, because there are artifacts that date back since the age of copper (VIII – VII century BC). The wood is easily explored on foot or by mountain bike; educational tours are available at the reserve.
Coming out of the reserve, take the SS 288 and head on the SP 35a and SP 35b then, in the upper Gornalunga valley, under the heights of Morgantina, stand three ruins of water mills built a few meters from the road.
The first is Scalisi mill, place further downstream demonstrating that the water supply was done cascade.
Later we find the ruins of the Mulinetto mill, place higher than the previous.
Finally the lstl ruin but most impressive and oldest of the mills, called Battia, of which you can see parts of the towers and ducts.
Strada statale 288 –
The nearby Morgantina, called the Pompeii of Sicily, has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The remains of the oldest settlement known to date have been found on the hill of the Citadel and date back to the thirteenth century AC., a period in which the central area of Sicily, according to historical tradition, is occupied by the Morgeti, population to which Morgantina probably owes its name.
On the same hill of the Citadel, from the seventh century AC develops a settlement of which were brought to light some public buildings that conserve remarkable specimens of architectural terracotta. In 459 BC this town was besieged and destroyed by the Sicilians to Ducezio. Around the middle of the fifth century BC a new city is located in the nearby Serra Orlando characterized by an orthogonal urban plan typical of the new foundation Greek cities.
In the third century, especially during the reign of Hiero, the city grows in prosperity as evidenced by the remains of the monumental buildings and the rich grave of housing. The rearrangement of the agora, after the destruction of 211 BC, and the existence of buildings dated up about 50 BC, documenting the Roman phase of the city that later, in Imperial Rome, undergoes a gradual abandonment. Following the excavation carried out, since the fifties by the mission of Princeton University and then the Virginia University, were discovered archaeological remains housed in the Museum of Aidone. Among them, the important statue of the Venus of Morgantina and two acroliti depicting goddesses Ceres and Persephone
Still on the subject of water mills, although they were used in ancient times in rudimentary form, even at Morgantina we find evidence relating to milling, the preservation of the wheat and the worship of the goddesses Demeter and Persephone who accompany us along the route. In particular: the stoà east and the east barn, lava stones used for grinding grain by hand, the central sanctuary, dedicated to the goddesses Demeter and Persephone.
Another important building, found in the city of Morgantina, is the furnace, used for the processing of household crockery used also for construction.
Archaeological Museum of Aidone
in the historic center of Aidone, in Largo Torres, preserves a number of archaeological Morgantina findings, the Venus of Morgantina and the two acroliti depicting the goddesses Demeter and Persephone.
The Medieval Castle of Aidone or Castellaccio
Ruins are located north of the country, on the slope of the castle, overlooking the valley of Gornalunga valley, from which you can admire a magnificent 360° panorama.
Info guide: Pro Loco Aidone- cell. 333 1791293
The origins and foundation of AIDONE, or Ayn-dun, water source in Arabic, are attributable to the Arab-Norman period although historians Gioacchino Mazzola, Vincenzo and Filippo Cordova, argued that on the ancient Citadel Herbita or Morgantina, was built one of the six Benedictine monasteries.
According to some researchers, the town was founded by the Normans, during the conquest of Sicily and after the expulsion of the Arabs that created three mosques on which, subsequently, were built three Christian churches.
Most of the houses were built along the river Gornalunga that, over the centuries, fed the water mills of Aidone, with the cascade system inherited from the Arabs.
The Normans, who left the imprint linguistic Gallic that still influences the local dialect, traced, slowly, slowly, the urban layout of the country, around which they built great monuments.
Il Mandorleto farm holidays di Maurizio Stellino
Contrada Gerace 94100 Enna (En)
Tel./Fax 0935 541 389 – 0935 1928926 – Maurizio (+39) 333 29 23 930 – Alessandro (+39) 338.8095286
GPS: N 37.46782 – E 14.24876
Azienda Agrituristica Pollicarini
Contrada Pollicarini 94100 Pergusa (Enna) – SS 561 Km 7
Tel/Fax: (0039) 0935.541982 – Cell: 388.7964008 – 320.8847461
GPS Coordinates: 37.511836454080196 N, 14.321837425231933 E
Via Pier Santi Mattarella, 9 – Tel./Fax 0935.86013
B&B Il Ponte
via Terranova, 67- tel: 0935600015-cellulare: 3293093249
via Senatore Cordova, 92 – 39 3381543795
B&B da Alfredo e Filippa
piazza Filippo Cordova- Tel/Fax: 0935 86610 – cell: 339 10 71 102
B&B La Venere
Via San Michele, 49
Telefono: +390935600010 – Cellulare: (+39) 3386392689
B&B AL CAMINETTO
Via Santità – 94010 Aidone, tel. 0935.87639 cell. 3382589060
Food and drink
EYEXEI (Local dishes and a la carte)
Archaeological site of Morgantina
cell. 3687190257 – 3332780848
VECCHIA AIDONE (Gourmet kitchen, dishes revisited and local produce)
Via Senatore Cordova, 90 – tel. 0935.87863
Fontanarossa airport: Bus line Etna Trasporti
By car: A19 Catania / Palermo. Once on the freeway, exit at Enna (73 km). Proceed along the SS 561 towards Pergusa. Then you turn on the SS 117a towards Aidone (about 35km).
By bus Palermo-Piazza Armerina and Piazza Armerina- Aidone
Pa-Piazza Armerina: Terminal bus, via P.Balsamo, 16 (Piazza Stazione FS) Regular bus Sais Autoline
Piazza Armerina / Aidone (Piazza Cultreri) services run every day, every hour, from 07:45 to 21:10, buses Etna Trasporti (for detailed information on timetables see www.interbus.it)
By car from the airport Falcone-Borsellino:
A29 towards Palermo, follow the directions on the ring and take the A19 Palermo / Catania. Once on the motorway, exit at Enna (about 20 km). Proceed along the SS 561 towards Pergusa (9 km). Then you turn on the SS 117a towards Aidone (about 35km).
Festivals and fairs
Feast of St. Philip the Apostle
Easter and Holy Week
and the evocative “junta” of Easter Sunday